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Limitations on Employing Minors

When concluding the employment contract, the employer must be convinced that the minor is capable of performing the chosen work tasks and that the work does not jeopardize their health.

Limitations on employing a minor are as follows:

0–6-years of age         

  • Working is   prohibited, no exceptions;

7–12-years of   age

  • Can have an easy   job in the field of culture, art, sports or advertising;
  • Consent of the   legal representative is required for concluding the employment contract;
  • Consent of the   labour inspector is required for concluding the employment contract;
  • The labour   inspector has a right to involve a child protection official to determine the   actual will of the minor;

13–14-years of   age

  • Can have a job   with easy tasks that do not require a great physical or mental effort. With a   13-year-old minor, an employment contract may be concluded for performing the   following tasks:  

1) Farming works;   2) Assisting works in trade or service companies;   3) Assisting works at catering or accommodation providers;   4) Other works which comply with the requirements set in ECA sections 2 and 4.

  • Consent of the   legal representative is required for concluding the employment contract;
  • Consent of the   labour inspector is required for concluding the employment contract;

15–16-years of   age (compulsory to attend school)            

  • Can have a job   with easy tasks that do not require a great physical or mental effort;
  • Consent of the   legal representative is required for concluding the employment contract;

15–16- years of   age (not compulsory to attend school)

17-years of age

Easy tasks mean such jobs where work tasks are simple and do not require a great physical or mental effort. For instance, minors are allowed to work in agriculture (picking berries and fruit), assisting in trade or service companies (unpacking and shelving items), accessory works at catering or accommodation providers (laying the tables), handicraft (making souvenirs), office works (working as an assistant), cleaning or tidying works and works related to culture, sports or advertisements.

Emanating from the general job characteristics, the Employment Contracts Act determines works forbidden to minors.

The employer may not conclude an employment contract with a minor nor allow them to a work that:

  • Exceeds the physical or mental abilities of the minor;
  • Endangers the minor’s morality;
  • Poses hazards that the minor might not be able to notice or prevent in due time as they lack sufficient experience or training;
  • Prohibits the social development or education acquisition of the minor;
  • Endangers the minor’s health due to work characteristics or working environment risk factors.

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