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Groups and Causes of the Most Common Occupational Diseases

Viimati uuendatud: 25.02.2017


Groups and Causes of the Most Common Occupational Diseases

  • Physical overload illnesses Physical overload often causes occupational diseases. For example, working on a computer triggers tension in hands, neck and shoulder area. Significant working environment risk factors also include hard physical labour, lifting weights in a wrong position, and working in cold and moist environment.
  • Pulmonary diseases Pulmonary diseases could arise due to different working environment hazards like mineral dusts, aerosols and gases of toxic substances, and hard physical labour in severe weather conditions.
  • Hypertension, high blood-pressure and ischaemia In addition to great work stress, getting hypertension is also favoured by several chemicals. Of the physical conditions, working constantly in too high or low temperature conditions also effect the circulatory system.
  • Hearing damage Noise-triggered hearing damage still occurs today, even though the noise level can be quite efficiently controlled with several collective and personal protective equipment. Noise-triggered hearing damage is also influenced by age, contact with neuro-toxic chemicals, individual characteristics and noise sources outside the workplace.
  • Occupational skin diseases If proven that a skin disease is caused by contact with some allergen or toxic substrate at work, it is possible to      diagnose an occupational disease. This could be caused by working in rubber footwear in moist and warm conditions, long-term pressure caused by the working position or tool, etc.
  • Occupational diseases caused by the chemical workplace hazards Chemicals could damage skin, nails, and the      respiratory tract. Poisonings are rarer. More frequent are skin damages and allergic occupational diseases. Skin damages may be caused by acids and alkali solutions, or by oil and coal products, arsenic compounds or petrol. Lime chloride causes nail damage.      

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