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Classification of Personal Protective Equipment

Viimati uuendatud: 25.11.2016

Classification of Personal Protective Equipment

Personal protective equipment is classified into three groups, based on the possible health damage of the hazard factors.

Group I – Simple PPE; the manufacturer assumes that the user can safely and duly evaluate the effect of a weak hazard. Such personal protective equipment protects:

  1. against the mechanical effect applied on the body surface (e.g. gardening gloves, thimble);
  2. against mild detergents, the effect of which passes quickly (e.g. protective gloves to work with diluted detergents);
  3. against hazards emanating from handling hot objects which do not exceed 50 °C, if these are not hazardous in some other way (e.g. potholders, protective apron);
  4. against not very severe weather conditions (e.g. headwear, seasonal clothes, footwear);
  5. against weak blows and vibration that does not affect the vital organs nor cause any injuries (e.g. hat to protect the scalp; gloves; shoes);
  6. against sunlight (e.g. sunglasses).

Group II – All personal protective equipment not listed in groups I and III.

Group III – PPE against a deadly hazard or a risk that could cause irreversible health damage. The manufacturer assumes that the user may not be able to promptly evaluate the immediate effect of the hazard. Such personal protective equipment includes:

  1. filtering respiratory protection that shields the user from irritating, dangerous, poisonous or radioactive gases or aerosols;
  2. personal protective gear that isolates the respiratory system completely from the external atmosphere, including diving equipment;
  3. equipment guaranteeing a timely limited protection against chemicals or ionizing radiation;
  4. protective gear to be used in emergencies in heat comparable to 100°C or above, which could involve infrared radiation, flames, and much liquid materials bursting into the surroundings;
  5. equipment for use in emergencies in cold surroundings, comparable to the effect of –50 °C or below temperatures;
  6. gear to avoid falling;
  7. gear protecting against electrocution, also insulating personal protective equipment used in high voltage works.

When bringing personal protective equipment to the market, the manufacturer or their authorized representative must compile a user manual in Estonian, and the retail seller must provide all buyers with this manual.

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